AAAI Fall Symposium: Patrícia Alves-Oliveira on human-robot interplay design

An illustration containing electronical devices that are connected by arm-like structuresAnton Grabolle / Higher Photographs of AI / Human-AI collaboration / Licenced by CC-BY 4.0

The AAAI Fall Symposium Collection happened in Arlington, USA, and comprised seven totally different symposia. One among these, the tenth Synthetic Intelligence for Human-Robotic Interplay (AI-HRI) symposium was run as a hybrid in-person/on-line occasion, and we tuned in to the opening keynote, which was given by Patrícia Alves-Oliveira.

As a psychology pupil, Patrícia’s dream was to grow to be a therapist. Nonetheless, an internship, the place she encountered a robotic for the primary time, impressed her to vary her plans, and he or she determined to enter the sphere of human-robot interplay. Following a PhD within the subject, she labored as a postdoc, earlier than heading to trade as a designer within the Amazon Astro robotic staff.

Patrícia has labored on a variety of attention-grabbing tasks throughout her time in academia and in trade. Fascinated with the best way to design robots for particular consumer wants, and preserving the consumer on the forefront in the course of the design course of, has been core to her work. She started by summarising three very totally different educational tasks.

Creativity and robotics

The target of this undertaking was to design, fabricate, and consider robots as creativity-provoking instruments for youths. Patrícia created a social robotic named YOLO (or Your Personal Dwelling Object) that she designed to be child-proof (in different phrases, it may stand up to being dropped and knocked over), with the goal of making an attempt to assist youngsters discover their creativity throughout play. A machine studying algorithm learns the sample of play that the kid has and adapts the robotic behaviour accordingly. You may see the robotic in motion within the demo beneath:

FLEXI robotic

As a postdoc undertaking, Patrícia labored on constructing FLEXI, a social robotic embodiment equipment. This equipment consists of a robotic (with a face, and a torso with a display screen on the entrance), which could be customised, and an open-source end-user programming interface designed to be user-friendly. The customisation component signifies that it may be used for a lot of functions. The staff has deployed FLEXI throughout three software eventualities: community-support, psychological well being, and schooling, with the goal of assessing the pliability of the system. You may see the robotic in motion, in numerous eventualities, right here.

Social eating

This undertaking centred on a robotic arm for folks with impaired mobility. Such programs exist already for aiding folks with duties akin to consuming. Nonetheless, in a social context they will usually kind a barrier between the consumer and the remainder of the group. The concept behind this undertaking was to think about how such a robotic may very well be tailored to work nicely in a social context, for instance, throughout a meal with household or mates. The staff interviewed folks with impaired mobility to evaluate their wants, and got here up with a set of design rules for creating robot-assisted feeding programs and an implementation information for future analysis on this space. You may learn the analysis paper on this undertaking right here.

You’ll find out extra about these three tasks, and the opposite tasks that Patrícia has been concerned in, right here.

Astro robotic

Patrícia has lengthy been occupied with robots for the true world, and the way this real-world expertise is aligned with the research of robots in academia and trade. She determined to depart academia and be part of the Astro robotic programme, which she felt was an important alternative to work on a large-scale real-world robotic undertaking.

The Astro robotic is a house robotic designed to help with duties akin to monitoring your own home, delivering small objects inside the dwelling, recognising your pet, telling a narrative, or enjoying video games.

Patrícia took us via a typical day within the lifetime of a designer the place she at all times has in thoughts the larger image of what the staff is aiming for, in different phrases, what the perfect robotic, and its interactions with people, would appear like. Coupled to that, the method is ruled by core design tenets, such because the buyer wants, and non-negotiable core components that the robotic ought to embrace. When contemplating a specific component of the robotic design, for instance, the supply of an merchandise within the robotic tray, Patrícia makes use of storyboards to map out particulars of potential human-robot interactions. An necessary side of design considerations edge instances, which happen commonly in the true world. Good design will think about potential edge instances and incorporate methods to cope with them.

Patrícia closed by emphasising the significance of teamwork within the design course of, specifically, the necessity for interdisciplinary groups; by contemplating design from many various factors of view, the prospect of innovation is greater.

You’ll find out extra in regards to the Synthetic Intelligence for Human-Robotic Interplay (AI-HRI) symposium right here.

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is a non-profit devoted to connecting the AI group to the general public by offering free, high-quality info in AI.

Lucy Smith
is Managing Editor for AIhub.

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